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Physical Features

  • An elephant's trunk has over 100,000 muscles. By comparison, depending on how you define a muscle, the human body has around 800 muscles.
  • An elephants trunk is very versatile. It can pick up small objects, such as peanuts, or large objects such as tree branches. It can be used for fighting, drinking, eating and communication.
  • The trunk can hold up to 14 litres of water. This might be for drinking or for spraying.
  • The tusks of an elephant are actually upper incisors. They keep growing for the life of the elephant.
  • Elephants are good swimmers, but they cannot jump or run. They can walk fast, but they can't run. An elephant can achieve speed of up to 25 mph by walking fast!
  • The large ears on elephants help to keep them cool. Blood going through vessels in the ears is cooled down before returning into the elephant's body.



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