African and AsianLifestyle
- Elephants reach puberty at around 13 or 14 years old.
- Elephants can have babies until they are around 50 years old, and very rarely have more than a single baby at a time.
- Elephants can normally live up to 70 years, though the oldest recorded elephant lived for over 80 years.
- Elephants generally live in family groups called herds which are led by a matriarch. The matriarch is the oldest, largest female in the group.
- Males are driven out of the main herd when they reach puberty and live in groups of young males.
- Forest elephants (a subset of African elephants) do not live in large groups but keep in contact with others in the jungle by producing deep, rumbling sounds.
- Elephants trumpet, using their trunks, to welcome visitors to the herd.
- Elephants have been known to grieve the death of a member of the herd and to have greeting ceremonies for visitors.
- The herd get together to support and comfort unhappy calves, and elephants can cry, play, and laugh.